Response to severe stress
Acute stress reaction belongs to a group of transient pathologies of high complexity that occur in people who do not have characteristic mental disorders. It is a physiological and psychological response to stress, disappears in a short period after the onset: from several hours to several days.
Stress can be a number of factors, including a traumatic experience that includes a threat to one’s own safety: conflicts with the physical use of force, rape, violent behavior, accidents, etc. In people with high physical exhaustion, the risk of an acute reaction to severe stress is significantly increased.
Response to severe stress and adaptation disturbances
When a reaction to stress appears, its form can be varied in severity and intensity, it directly depends on the adaptive abilities and personal vulnerability of the body – this is confirmed by the fact that the disorder is observed only in a certain part of people who have been in severe stressful situations.
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Acute reactions of the body to stress occur in a person immediately after a traumatic effect. In most cases, reactions last from 2-3 hours to 3 days and are accompanied by characteristic symptoms: tachycardia appears, blood pressure rises, and skin numbness is possible. Disorders of motor functions can also be observed: a person is able to experience both a sharp excitement, forcing him to “rush” or, on the contrary, be excessively inhibited, not showing an adequate response to external stimuli.
Types and kinds of response to stress
A person’s response to stress can be of two types: hypokinetic and hyperkinetic. With hypokinetic development, there is a sharp lethargy, patients do not answer questions, there is no reaction to what is happening around. Behavior has similarities to stun.
With hyperkinetic development, patients constantly rush about non-stop, their movements are chaotic and can change very quickly. In this state, people do not respond to persuasion, get lost in space and perform practically unconscious actions.
Experts argue that the origin and form of expression of the reaction to a stressful event directly depends on the individual psychological and physiological characteristics of the organism, including the age: adolescent adult or senile.
Acute response to stress and adaptation disturbances
To a greater extent, adaptation disorders are observed in childhood and adolescence, when a person encounters difficulties that play a significant role in his lifestyle. Such difficulties include: the loss of close people, quarrels with friends, severe somatic illnesses or separation.
As a rule, symptomatic signs appear in patients within a month after falling into a severe stressful situation:
- Short-term traumatic situations (quarrels with friends, parents, death of a loved one);
- Shock trauma associated with the sudden onset of a threat to life. The younger the person, the more shock situations that threaten his life with him can occur;
- Systematic traumatic situations affecting the key values of a person (aggressive upbringing, regular conflict situations in the family, an unfriendly environment, poor education).
There are no typical defensive responses to stress, so there may be some differences in each case.