Sleep disorders are one of the most common problems for a modern person. According to statistics, at least 8-15% of people of working age experience problems, and 9-11% are forced to use medications. If you do not carry out the correct treatment in a timely manner, which allows you to completely restore healthy sound sleep, the problem can only get worse with age.
Sleep disorders can occur in people of different age groups, with characteristic symptoms of disorders. These disorders can be both primary and secondary. Primary ones do not depend on the problems of internal organs, while secondary ones are a direct consequence of various physiological diseases.
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Main causes of sleep disorders
Sleep disorder can be caused by a number of factors of various etiologies: from banal overexcitation to pathological fatigue and disruption of the internal organs. The most common causes of sleep disturbance include: regular or lonely stressful situations, increased physical activity just before bed, use of medications, coffee or energy drinks, mental disorders, cardiovascular problems, metabolic disorders, overeating before bed, sedentary lifestyle, etc.
In order to determine the exact cause of the sleep disorder in a particular patient, it is necessary to undergo a comprehensive diagnosis from a qualified specialist.
Main symptoms of sleep disorders
The most important and pronounced symptoms of sleep disorders: insomnia, difficulty falling asleep, repeated waking up in the middle of the night, or, on the contrary, excessive sleepiness. Also, sleep disorder can be accompanied by anxiety, decreased physical and mental activity, and a change in emotional state.
The symptoms of sleep disorders can vary significantly, depending on the cause of the problem and the individual characteristics of the patient’s body. Sleep disorder is classified as follows:
- Insomnia – accompanied by a complication of the process of falling asleep and insomnia. May be provoked by changes in the psychological state, as well as the use of drugs or alcohol;
- Hypersomnia – accompanied by increased drowsiness. As well as insomnia, it can be caused by a violation of the psychological state and excessive use of alcohol or drugs;
- Parosomnia – accompanied by a disruption of the normal physiological work of internal organs and body systems. In such cases, the following symptoms can be observed: enuresis, nocturnal epi-seizures, somnabulism, night fears and other disorders.
Treatment of sleep disorders in Kyiv
Sleep disorder treatment should only be carried out by a professional neurologist based on the basic diagnostic data obtained. Self-medication can only aggravate the situation and harm your health.
Sleep disorder treatment can include several therapeutic steps, including the use of pharmacological drugs. The decision on the choice of the optimal scheme should be made only by a qualified neurologist, taking into account the current condition of the patient.