How to preserve mental health

Mental health

Mental health is the most important indicator that affects the overall health of a person. According to the current UN Charter, mental health refers to social, physical and mental well-being, independent of the presence of physical pathologies or other diseases.

Thus, mental health is a common element of human well-being, where the latter has the opportunity to work effectively, realize himself in society and withstand everyday stress. Today, the health of the psyche of each individual is a key element in the field of social life for the entire world community.

Normal mental health plays a key role in the prism of the personal and collective ability of intellectually developed organisms to contact each other, by means of communication and thinking – this allows people to get pleasure and comfort from their own lives. It also directly affects the ability to work effectively and earn money for your own living. It turns out that the normalization of people’s mental health is perceived by individuals positively, with the understanding that this factor is of vital importance for the entire society.

Key determinants of psyche health

  • Mental health is characterized by many indicators, not only absent mental pathologies;
  • It is considered a key element of an individual’s health, without which there can be no general health;
  • Refers to a complex of factors of the existing society: social, biological and economic;

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    • Special cross-sectoral strategies implemented in the field of public health are aimed at normalizing the general health of the human psyche.

    What affects human mental health

    There is a whole complex of parameters and factors (determinants) directly or indirectly affecting the mental state of a person. They are determined exclusively in a specific period of time by biological, social and psychological indicators.

    Thus, systematic social / economic pressure is an important risk factor that directly affects the health of the individual’s psyche. A prime example is widespread sexual violence and other psychiatric influences in this context.

    Rapid social changes, human rights violations, stressful situations (severe stress) in the workplace, bad habits, social condemnation of certain actions are important determinants that have a negative impact on mental health. At the same time, there are also individual (personal) factors for each person that directly affect the vulnerability of the psyche to certain emerging problems.

    How to strengthen and protect mental health

    The process of promoting mental health and treating depression is complex and multifaceted. It should include a whole range of factors to create an optimal environment for a person, aimed at the formation and maintenance of normal mental health. In this environment, there must be an atmosphere of protection and respect for cultural, civil, economic and social human rights. Otherwise, it is almost impossible to achieve a high rate of psychological health.

    The policy of states should be carried out taking into account the need to strengthen the psychological health of their citizens. It is necessary to involve not only the health care system in this process, but also most of the mass sectors of the economy and social sphere that occupy an important place in the life of citizens: employment, construction, public and personal transport, education, social security and the environment.

    The list of important measures to ensure the strengthening and protection of human mental health includes:

    • Creation of favorable socio-economic conditions for self-realization and protection of women, including: improving the quality of education and access to credit opportunities;
    • Comprehensive protection of the interests of young and middle-aged children – children should be in a comfortable environment that meets modern needs. Kids should receive comprehensive protection from a number of adverse factors, have full psychological and social support aimed at the child’s desire for self-development;
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    • Implementation of programs in secondary schools, colleges, institutes aimed at maintaining “green” changes in the environment;
    • Development of specialized medicine – psychiatric clinics;
    • Implementation of companies and laws aimed at eliminating the factor of discrimination against people on various grounds, including those with mental illness, such as schizophrenia;
    • Care and social adaptation of elderly people – the creation of specialized centers for the elderly, the introduction of initiatives to organize acquaintances among single people;
    • Providing measures for the prevention of stressful conditions in the workplace, especially in areas with high psychological stress;
    • Reducing the level of poverty, completely eliminating the concept of poverty (when a person does not have enough funds to feed himself and his families);
    • Creation of comfortable living conditions;
    • Creation and implementation of a legal framework regarding the protection of persons with mental pathologies;
    • Protection of national minorities, migrants and other layers of the population affected by hostilities, ethnic discrimination, natural disasters, etc.

    Mental health support and treatment

    State programs aimed at supporting and treating the psyche of the population should ensure the normalization of key factors affecting this very health of the population, including neuroses. Particular attention should be paid to people who already have certain mental pathologies, they should receive high-quality comprehensive medical care from a psychiatrist.

    Thanks to the active study of issues of mental health of the population, scientists with the help of psychotherapists have managed to significantly improve the understanding of the necessary measures that should be taken to improve the mental health of people. Indicators of mental health in economically developed countries are clear.

    Examples of effective government action include:

    • Restrictions ensuring a decrease in the level of consumption of alcoholic drinks (additional taxation in the form of excise taxes);
    • Psychotherapeutic treatment of depression. Prescribing antidepressants is highly effective in the development of moderate to severe depression;
    • Psychosocial support and antipsychotic medication during psychotic treatment.

    There is also a whole range of highly effective measures that can be used for the prevention of neuroses, suicides, treatment of dementia, bipolar disorder, drug and alcohol addictions (including those developing after the use of psychoactive drugs), children’s mental disorders. These measures are detailed in the framework of the WHO recommendations program, in the field of elimination of mental health problems of the world’s population.

     

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