Personality disorder is a persistent psychiatric disorder that can manifest itself already in childhood and adolescence, gradually progressing. The disease is characterized by the suppression of some and the manifestation of other personality traits. In fact, this is a group of psychiatric diseases that include persistent long-term changes in behavior and thought processes that are atypical for an established society.
As a rule, psychological changes cause serious communication problems, people cannot build normal interpersonal relationships in the surrounding social culture, including among friends, colleagues and even in the family. People with a personality disorder cannot solve most of their everyday problems, which causes even greater problems and additional stress, leading to an exacerbation of conflict.
Causes of personal disorders
A wide range of factors affecting the psychological state of a person can cause a personality disorder, including: various genetic diseases, damage to parts of the brain, drugs, alcohol, other toxins, abnormal intrauterine development, abnormal development of the brain, unfavorable social upbringing, birth and other injuries.
Childhood experiences can play a special role in the development of the problem, which are the catalyst for personality disorder. However, it is possible to determine the exact cause of the problem only with the help of a correct diagnosis by a professional psychiatrist.
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Symptoms of personality disorders – how to determine the problem
Personality disorder is a fairly common psychiatric problem that affects 6-9% of the population in Ukraine. In most cases, the behavior of such people is not unambiguous.
Depending on the type of personality disorder manifested, symptoms can vary significantly, making diagnosis difficult. At the same time, there are also typical symptoms:
- The presence of anxiety, feelings of distress, anger or uselessness for society, acquaintances, close people;
- Feeling of emptiness (decrease in the level of emotionality), avoidance of communication with other people;
- The impossibility or high difficulty of managing your negative emotions;
- Irritability, even with minimal exposure to irritants;
- Regular conflicts with other people, threats of violence, insults that can flow into the use of physical force;
- States similar to the feeling of losing contact with reality;
- The impossibility or high difficulty of maintaining normal relationships with close people, in the family: children, spouses, parents.
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Types of personal disorders
There are several main types of personality disorders, including: paranoid, asocial, hysterical, obsessive-compulsive, narcissistic, schizotypal, schizoid, avoidant, dependent, borderline. Each type of personality disorder has its own psychological characteristics, usually manifested in behavioral factors. Only a professional psychiatrist can accurately determine whether a person with a personality disorder belongs to a particular type.
How is the treatment of personal disorders conducted in our clinic?
Depending on the psychological state of the patient, treatment can be carried out by pharmacological, psychotherapy or a combined method. Pharmacological drugs are used to relieve feelings of anxiety, depressive states, etc., while individual and group psychotherapy achieves the goal of suppressing the internal sources of resistance that stimulate personality disorder.