Mental disorders of drug addictions
Drug addiction is a serious illness that has a detrimental effect on the physical and mental health of a person. Systematic drug use is addictive and contributes to the development of a number of concomitant conditions that manifest themselves in various forms: seizures, epileptic seizures, depression, psychosis, etc.
The unique composition of narcotic substances has an active effect on the nervous system, violates the natural psychoemotional background of a person. Under the influence of substances, the addict becomes active, hot-tempered, in some cases aggressive – this leads to a number of consequences: from increased anxiety to panic attacks.
Types and features of the manifestation of mental disorders in drug users
It is almost impossible to predict the specificity of the manifestation of drug addiction on the mental state of a person – this is due to the fact that each person has his own psyche, which provides an individual response of a person to what is happening in a particular situation.
Note! In cases of severe addiction, mental disorders can acquire a stable irreversible character, therefore, when the first signs are found, you must immediately contact a drug treatment clinic for help!
The most common mental disorders among drug users
Manic-depressive psychosis or bipolar disorder
As a rule, it is observed in drug addicts who use synthetic drugs, including spice and salt, which are addictive after the first use. It is accompanied by an unstable alternation of two states: depression and euphoria (mood changes can occur instantly, without objective reasons).
In a manic state, the patient experiences increased activity, euphoria, hyperexcitability. His speech becomes accelerated, in some cases, little legible for the people around him. Sleep worsens, the addict spends no more than 2-4 hours a day for sleep, apathy appears, the ability to work decreases, it seems to the patient that the world around him has become very “dull” and uninteresting. Depending on the form of manifestation, the addict may experience insomnia or, on the contrary, excessive sleepiness;
May be accompanied by a whole range of symptomatic manifestations. Their form and intensity directly depends on the individual mental characteristics of the patient. Usually accompanied by personality changes, delusions, hallucinations, anxiety disorders and depression;
Refers to disorders of the neurotic type, accompanied by sleep disturbances, increased anxiety and lability. Unpleasant physiological symptoms may also be present: acute headaches, tachycardia, tremors of the upper limbs, excessive sweating, etc.;
It is a constant companion of most drug addicts. It is characterized by a severe state of personality depression, lack of expressed emotions, loss of interest in past values.
Despite the manifestation of persistent mental disorders, most drug addicts seek support from close people, and also need high-quality complex treatment. Attempts to eliminate individual symptoms, as a rule, do not bring the desired effect, therefore it is necessary to turn to specialized drug treatment clinics for help, where drug treatment specialists provide an integrated approach to the diagnosis and treatment of problems.
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