Relapse - why does it happen?
Addiction is a chronic disease. The path to recovery is difficult, and a drug or alcohol addict is at risk of relapse or breakdown throughout his life.
According to the Illinois Institute, a five-year remission after undergoing a rehabilitation program in drug addicts was observed in 25% of cases.
There are many factors of addictive breakdown. Let’s take a look at them.
What can cause a release – reasons
Harbingers of relapse in addicts will be:
- Withdrawal symptoms or incomplete treatment. One of the most common causes of relapse. When the patient assures himself and his close people that he is absolutely healthy, but deep down he is waiting for the moment when he can return to his addiction.
- A powerful emotional outburst and/or overwork can lead to a breakdown in addicted people. Any conflict, quarrel provokes an outburst of emotions that cause discomfort to the patient, followed by emotional exhaustion. At the same time, a person wants to experience the joy and euphoria that addiction gave him.
- Low self-esteem, lack of independence with inadequate motivation. Control on the part of close people, the manifestation of distrust in the addict with low self-esteem and self-doubt can lead to a relapse of addiction.
- Idleness, laziness. After undergoing a course of treatment, many people have a free pause in their careers, former dubious acquaintances disappear, their social circle changes. Often a person does not know how to fill his free time. Boredom is one of the possible options for the breakdown of addicts.
- Wrong choice of clinic and treatment program. Due to the high growth of drug addiction and alcoholism, at the moment, dozens of clinics and dubious institutions have appeared out of nowhere. All of them promise a quick recovery, but not all clinics have qualified narcologists and psychiatrists, as well as licenses for this type of activity.
- “Are you my friend?”. This situation is typical for alcohol abuse. Unfortunately, in our country it is customary to drink at any meal. In this case, the refusal is perceived as a personal insult. Many have no idea, and often others do not care that a person is fighting for his health.
- Return to the previous social circle, in which he began to use. It is not always possible after a course of treatment to completely change the social circle that caused the disease. Sometimes one guest with a dose of a pathological substance is enough to forget years of work.
Why addicted people break down is not always possible to understand and foresee. That is why relatives and friends are advised to protect the patient from emotional swings after rehabilitation and completely change the person’s social circle.
How to prevent a relapse of a drug addicted and alcoholic
Relapse of addiction does not happen overnight. This is a process with certain prerequisites and symptoms. Therefore, it is so important to monitor the psycho-emotional background in the process of remission in order to prevent a breakdown.
According to statistics, the most significant factors in the formation of stable remission are:
- The patient’s desire to get well. This factor plays a critical role in overcoming the disease. And how strong this desire is, the course of the entire rehabilitation process will depend.
- Criticism of the disease itself and its consequences. Patients often underestimate the severity of their condition, possible complications and consequences. “It won’t happen to me” is the most common excuse of an addict. But the correct and conscious understanding of the diagnosis plays a role in the formation of the right motivation.
- Irregular, episodic use of a pathological substance. Unfortunately, with systematic, regular use, the risk of relapse is higher than in people who turn to drugs or alcohol from time to time.
- Duration of treatment and rehabilitation program. In a good clinic, they know that removing physical addiction is half the battle. Psychological rehabilitation of a drug addict and treatment can take months or even years. The longer it takes to consolidate a positive result, the more firmly it is held and the lower the likelihood of failure.
- Support of close people and positive influence of society. This point, along with the patient’s desire, are perhaps the most important. Any addict after undergoing treatment will face mistrust. This is happening all over the place. It is at such moments that the support, faith and attention of close people are important. Man will rebuild his life. New social circle, new job, other hobbies and interests. Only the circle of close and loving people will remain the same.
What to do in order to prevent recurrency – relapse prevention
If your close person was addicted, then you need:
- Reduce conflicts and stress. The family should have a warm and comfortable atmosphere of trust. To completely close the door to the past, do not remember past grievances. Better to direct your efforts to the future.
- To notice every new victory and every step on the road to recovery. Mutual help, hobbies, new jobs – all of this should not be ignored.
- Spill out negative emotions. For example, with physical activity.
- Always share your feelings. Good or bad – it doesn’t matter. The main thing is not to keep to yourself.
- Help your close person find something to do that will bring him pleasure. This is creativity, walks, travel, assistance in rehabilitation for other addicts.
- If necessary, do not be afraid to ask for help. Be honest with your health and not be afraid to ask for support.
- Courses on working with codependents will be very helpful. They will help strengthen past affection, show relatives the difficulties of rehabilitation. Practice shows that after completing such courses, the family treats the patient with great respect.
What to do if a failure occurs
Recently, the growth rate of drug addiction in our country has been about 30% annually, and this figure is inexorably growing. About 40% of the male working-age population suffers from alcoholism in Ukraine.
If you see symptoms of relapse in an addict, if a close person begins to abuse again, it is advisable to find out what was the cause of the relapse in order to solve this problem.
Talk honestly and frankly with your close people. Remind about the path traveled, the efforts spent on recovery.
Reapply to a qualified clinic where the state has a narcologist and psychiatrist. If the reason for the relapse was inadequate treatment, it is worth contacting another specialist.
Breakdown of addiction is not a sentence. Many people have to go this way. The main thing is not to give up and keep on track for recovery.
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