Alcohol poisoning - first aid, treatment
Alcohol poisoning is the intoxication of the body with ethyl alcohol and its decay products. It can cause a number of serious consequences for the body, up to partial or complete loss of functions of internal organs, nervous system and death. As a rule, it is caused by chronic use of alcoholic beverages (with a drunken state) or a single use of a large dose.
According to statistics, more than 65% of cases of poisoning in the world are associated with intoxication with ethyl alcohol – this indicates the danger of abuse and the scale of the problem, which affects 2 out of 3 people who have been poisoned.
Alcohol poisoning: features and stages of drinking
Most people consume alcohol during holidays or other events, without prejudice to their own health – moderate doses do not pose a direct threat to the functioning of internal organs and systems. But exceeding the recommended consumption rates carries a serious risk of developing intoxication, with all the ensuing consequences.
Stages of alcoholic intoxication:
- Light intoxication – observed in people who drank a small amount of alcohol. The blood alcohol concentration does not exceed 1.5%;
- Average intoxication – manifests itself in people who have consumed a fairly large amount of alcohol. The concentration of alcohol in the blood is 1.6% – 2.7%;
- Severe poisoning (alcohol intoxication) is the third stage of intoxication. Occurs when blood alcohol concentration increases above 2.7%. It carries a significant threat to the normal functioning of organs and body systems. In severe cases, it can lead to disruption of the functions of vital organs, up to and including death.
If you or your close person has the first signs of alcohol poisoning – do not hesitate, contact a drug treatment clinic for help! Doctors will determine the nature and scale of the problem, and take the necessary measures to minimize damage to human health and preserve his life.
Alcohol poisoning symptoms:
- Alcohol intoxication, like other types of poisoning, causes specific symptoms, which can be used to determine the presence of a problem at an early stage of its development. The classic symptoms of alcohol poisoning include:
- Hyperemia of the skin – manifested by redness in the face;
- Impaired brain activity – confusion and illegibility of speech, thoughts uncharacteristic for a person appear, general activity increases or decreases;
- Disruption of the vestibular apparatus – a person can lose orientation in time and space, gait becomes atypical, stumbling and falling are possible;
- Dyspeptic disorders – nausea, developing into vomiting, increased drowsiness, possibly urinary incontinence and diarrhea;
- Loss of consciousness – a person stops responding to pain, auditory, visual stimuli;
- Suppression of vital functions – the function of the cardiovascular, respiratory and nervous systems is impaired. The patient has irregular breathing, shortness of breath is possible, blood pressure decreases, a threadlike pulse and other symptoms of acute disturbance of vital functions of the body are visible.
First aid and treatment of alcohol poisoning
First aid for alcohol poisoning involves performing several basic manipulations:
- Lay the person on the side – this will prevent possible choking with vomit;
- Call an ambulance – tell the doctors that the person has acute alcohol poisoning.
Arriving at the place, the narcologists carry out the initial diagnosis of the patient, assess his current physical and mental state, and also determine the degree of administration. To accelerate the elimination of alcohol residues from the stomach, a naso-gastric tube is installed through which the stomach is washed.
The final stage in the treatment of alcohol poisoning is complex detoxification and drug therapy aimed at removing toxic substances from the patient’s blood, normalizing the functioning of internal organs/body systems, and reducing the overall negative consequences of poisoning.
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