The vast majority do not know what behavioral disorders are, exactly until this problem manifests itself in their close people. People perceive deviant behavior as a feature of the character of a particular person, but this is a mental problem that must be dealt with professional medical methods.
People suffering from behavioral (externalized) disorders experience a persistent inability to plan and control their own behavior, they are unable to build social relationships with family, friends and colleagues, and also experience problems with memory loss and intellectual abilities. The term “behavioral disorders” includes persistent changes in behavioral images that do not correspond to generally accepted social norms.
Behavioral disorder – symptoms and features
Symptoms of behavioral disorders can be varied, depending on the individual characteristics of a particular person, the type and severity of the pathological process, as well as the affected parts of the brain in cognitive disorders.
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Key symptoms of behavioral disorders include:
- Impairment of certain cognitive functions;
- Deterioration of memory and decreased mental performance;
- Decreased concentration of attention;
- Difficulties in the perception and understanding of someone else’s speech, text and visual information;
- Impaired memorization of recent, and later, distant events;
- The ability to generalize the information received and form objective conclusions is deteriorating;
- Asocial behavior that violates rights and is interesting to others;
- Low or no control over your own emotions;
- The tendency to “shift” their blame onto other people.
The above symptoms are the main ones in cognitive and emotional-behavioral disorder. In some cases, the symptomatology is significantly expanded – it is taken into account when correcting behavioral disorders in a particular patient.
Cognitive behavioral personality disorder
Cognitive behavioral disorders are specific disorders in the cognitive sphere of the brain – this is a complex disorder in the process of which a violation of the rational understanding of comprehension of the surrounding world occurs: the perception of new information, its processing and rational analysis, as well as subsequent storage in memory.
The reasons for the appearance of cognitive disorders can be quite a lot of factors: from a wide range of diseases to direct damage to the brain by mechanical trauma. This type of disorder can affect people of all genders, age groups, and social groups. But to a greater extent, older people are susceptible to the problem.
Competent and timely psychotherapy of behavioral disorders in combination with drug therapy is the key to successful treatment.
Emotional behavioral disorder
In most cases, Emotional Behavioral Disorder is formed as early as childhood or adolescence. It can be accompanied by: lack of communication, excessive aggression, cruelty, indiscipline, lying, running away from home and other aspects of deviant behavior.
Experts note a clear gender dependence. In children, the problem manifests itself in the following ratio: 1 girl to 4 boys, and in adolescence 2.5 boys to 1 girl.
The key reasons for the development of emotional behavioral disorders are: hormonal imbalance, metabolic disorders, cerebral palsy, emotional instability, distorted perception of causal relationships, psychological trauma (caused by immoral parental behavior), peer hostility, etc.
Treatment and diagnostics of behavioral disorders
Diagnostics is carried out by a psychiatrist based on clinical methods. To obtain objective data, the doctor studies the extracts of highly specialized doctors: a neurologist and an ophthalmologist, and when treating children, he collects characteristics from teachers and educators. Typically, the diagnosis is carried out in three main stages: clinical conversation, observation and psychodiagnostics.
Treatment of behavioral disorders is based on an integrated approach that includes: drug therapy, group and individual sessions with a psychologist.